Publications

OTRU evidence-based publications serve a variety of information needs:

  • OTRU Updates summarize highlights from recent research and evaluation findings
  • Special Reports provide overviews and syntheses of research in special topic areas
  • Strategy Monitoring Reports analyze the progress of the Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy and document changes in the province’s tobacco control climate
  • Evaluation and Project Newsletters update communities on local tobacco use statistics and how local tobacco control initiatives are working
  • Infographics visually present findings from OTRU studies

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Publications Help
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YearPublication TitleExcerptPublication TypeKeywordsAuthorsdocument_category_hfilterdocument_tag_hfilter
E-Cigarette Use for Smoking Cessation: Scientific Evidence and Smokers’ ExperiencesThe use of e-cigarettes—or vaping to quit—has become one of the most frequently used cessation methods among smokers trying to …, , , , , , Lori Diemert, Dina Bayoumy, Hayley Pelletier, Robert Schwartz, Shawn O'Connorspecial-reportsattitudes-behaviours cessation cigarettes e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes surveys vaping
Menthol Cigarette Smoker Reactions to an Implemented Menthol Cigarette BanAbstract Objective: We examined menthol cigarette smokers’ reactions to Ontario’s menthol cigarette ban. Methods: In April 2017, past-year adult menthol …, , , , , , Eric Soule, Michael Chaiton, Bo Zhang, Marzena Hiler, Robert Schwartz, Joanna Cohen, Thomas Eissenbergjournal-articlecessation cigarettes flavours legislation menthol policies-and-programs tobacco-products
Is There a Link Between Motor Vehicle Collisions and Being a Cigarette Smoker in Canada? Analysis of Survey Data from Ontario from 2002 to 2014Abstract Objective: Although most research on drugs and driving has focused on the use of alcohol and cannabis, research that …, , , Evelyn Vingilis, Linda L. Pederson, Jane Seeley, Anca Ialomiteanu, Christine Wickens, Roberta Ferrence, Robert E. Mannjournal-articlesmoking surveys trend-analysis vehicles
The Relationship Between Motor Vehicle Collisions and Cigarette Smoking in Ontario: Analysis of CAMH Survey Data from 2002 to 2016Abstract Research has shown that tobacco users have an increased risk of collisions compared to nonsmokers. Studies from 1967 through …, , , Linda L. Pederson, John Koval, Evelyn Vingilis, Jane Seeley, Anca Ialomiteanu, Christine Wickens, Roberta Ferrence, Robert E. Mannjournal-articlesmoking surveys trend-analysis vehicles
Direct Healthcare Cost by Smoking Status Among Ontario AdultsUsing Ontario Tobacco Survey data (a representative sample of Ontario adults) linked with health administrative data from the Institute for …, , , Bo Zhang, Michael Chaiton, Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartzproject-newscigarettes data economics longitudinal-study
Impacts of Canada’s Minimum Age for Tobacco Sales (MATS) Laws on Youth Smoking Behaviour, 2000–2014Abstract Background: Recently, the US Institute of Medicine has proposed that raising the minimum age for tobacco purchasing/sales to 21 …, , , Russell Callaghan, Marcos Sanches, Jodi Gatley, James Cunningham, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Susan Bondy, Claire Bennyjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours enforcement legislation youth-and-young-adults
Youth and Young Adult Vaping in CanadaAs part of the Health System Research Fund, OTRU’s Research on E-Cigarettes and Waterpipe (RECIG-WP) grant has established a Youth …, , , , Lori Diemert, Robert Schwartz, Shawn O'Connorproject-newse-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes longitudinal-study vaping youth-and-young-adults
Is Blue the New Green? Repackaging Menthol Cigarettes in Response to a Flavour Ban in Ontario, CanadaAbstract Background: As of 1 January 2017, the Canadian province of Ontario banned the distribution and sale of menthol tobacco …, , , Tracey Borland, Sandra A D’Souza, Shawn O'Connor, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzjournal-articleflavours marketing tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Real-World Effectiveness of Pharmaceutical Smoking Cessation Aids: Time-Varying EffectsAbstract: Background: There are a limited number of studies that have examined the real-world effectiveness of smoking cessation aids and relapse …, , , , , Michael Chaiton, Lori Diemert, Susan Bondy, Joanna Cohen, Michael Fung, Bo Zhang, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articlecessation cigarettes longitudinal-study nicotine-replacement-therapy nrt pharmaceutical
The Tobacco and Vaping Products Act: Implications for E-Cigarette Point-of-Sale PromotionE-cigarettes are now being aggressively marketed at point-of-sale in convenience stores as well as in vape shops, with and without …, , , , Katie Barrett, Robert Schwartzotru-updatese-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes legislation vaping youth-and-young-adults
Youth Exposure to Tobacco in Movies in Ontario: 2017Ontario’s youth exposure to tobacco use in movies remains substantial. Requiring any movie that contains tobacco imagery be assigned an …, , , , Rita Luk, Robert Schwartzotru-updatescigarettes marketing movies prevention youth-and-young-adults
Gender Differences in Use of Smoking Cessation Services and ResourcesUsing baseline data from Smokers’ Panel, this study explored gender differences in the use of smoking cessation services and resources. …, , , Bo Zhang, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzproject-newscessation cessation-services-resources cigarettes gender
Association of Ontario’s Ban on Menthol Cigarettes With Smoking Behavior 1 Month After ImplementationAbstract The province of Ontario, Canada, implemented a full menthol cigarette ban on January 1, 2017. To date, there has …, , , , , , , Eric Soule, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Joanna Cohen, Thomas Eissenbergjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cessation e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes flavours legislation tobacco-products vaping
Marketing IQOS in a Dark MarketAbstract Introduction: Phillip Morris International (PMI) is pushing hard to promote IQOS heat-not-burn cigarettes in Ontario, Canada. Canada regulates IQOS …, , , , Annalise Mathers, Robert Schwartz, Shawn O'Connor, Michael Fung, Lori Diemertjournal-articleheat-not-burn heated-tobacco-products marketing tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Analysis of Secondhand E-Cigarette Aerosol Compounds in an Indoor SettingAbstract: Objectives: In this study, we measured concentrations of PM2.5 and major volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present during a real-world …, , , , , Pam Kaufman, Jolene Dubray, Eric Soule, Caroline Cobb, Sherry Zarins, Robert Schwartzjournal-articlee-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes protection public-places secondhand-smoke vaping
2017 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring ReportIncludes Full Report, Executive Summary, chapter downloads and mini infographic posters Key Findings: In 2015, 20% of Ontarians aged 12 …, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscannabis cessation cigarettes e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection secondhand-smoke smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products vaping
Evaluation of Ontario’s Menthol BanOntario’s ban on menthol flavouring in tobacco was one of the first internationally. OTRU is evaluating the impacts of this …, , , Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzotru-updatesflavours menthol monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs
Smoking Cessation Interventions in Indigenous PopulationsThis newsletter presents the evidence of smoking cessation interventions in Indigenous populations, and smoking cessation programs targeting indigenous populations in …, , , , Bo Zhang, Bob Sleeper, Robert Schwartz, Michael Chaitonproject-newsaboriginal cessation commercial-tobacco indigenous-health intervention
E-Liquid Product Labels: The Good, the Bad, and the UglyAbstract Background: E-liquid products have exploded in Canada over the last number of years. Although current federal regulations apply to …, , , , Shawn O'Connor, Rita Luk, Robert Schwartzjournal-articlee-cigarettes e-liquid electronic-cigarettes marketing vaping
Effects of a Real World Menthol Ban: Changes in Smoking Behaviour and Cigarette BrandingAbstract Background: The province of Ontario, Canada implemented a ban on menthol in all forms of tobacco products that came …, , , Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Tom Eissenberg, Eric Soule, Joanna Cohenjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours flavours marketing menthol
Online Informatics System of Key Outcome Indicators to Support Tobacco Control Planning, Surveillance and ReportingAbstract Background and Challenges to Implementation: Formative research suggested that many stakeholders do not have ready access to reliable and …, , , Shawn O'Connor, Rita Luk, Robert Schwartzjournal-articledata informatics monitoring-and-evaluation surveys
Knowledge and Evaluation Support Newsletter (March)This newsletter provides an overview of OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support initiative and highlights one project supported by this initiative: …, , , , , , Shawn O'Connor, Pam Kaufman, Lori Diemert, Robert Schwartzknowledge-evaluation-supportattitudes-behaviours cancer health-effects marketing protection secondhand-smoke youth-and-young-adults
Impact of Smoke-Free Housing Policy Lease Exemptions on Compliance, Enforcement and Smoking Behavior: A Qualitative StudyAbstract: This paper investigates the impacts of smoke-free housing policies on compliance, enforcement and smoking behavior. From 2012 to 2014, …, , , , , Pam Kaufman, Julie Kang, Ryan David Kennedy, Pippa Beck, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleenforcement homes policies-and-programs protection secondhand-smoke tobacco-control
Heat-Not-Burn Cigarettes: Lower Concentration Does Not Mean SafeLetter The results provided by Stephens [1] may suggest to readers that since the concentrations of carcinogens are lower in …, , , , Morteza Bashash, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzjournal-articlecancer health-effects heat-not-burn heated-tobacco-products tobacco-products
Vaping in Ontario: Preliminary Findings From RECIG-WPThis Project Newsletter summarizes current activities underway for the Research on E-cigarettes and Waterpipe (RECIG-WP) study. We report key findings …, , , Lori Diemert, Robert Schwartz, Shawn O'Connorproject-newse-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes heated-tobacco-products vaping
Smoke-Free Ontario OTRU Scientific Advisory Group Evidence Update 2017This report updates the evidence statements from The Smoke-Free Ontario Scientific Advisory Committee report, Evidence to Guide Action: Comprehensive Tobacco …, , , , , , Michael Chaiton, Rita Luk, Wook Yang, Rachel Lamont, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscessation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control tobacco-industry
Tobacco Cessation Practices and Services in Central West OntarioTobacco cessation interventions by healthcare providers have been shown to significantly increase cessation rates. Three surveys were conducted in 2013, …, , , , , OTRUspecial-reportscessation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control tobacco-products
Tobacco Industry Tactics in Preparing for Menthol BanAbstract The US Food and Drug Administration concluded that a ban on menthol cigarettes would likely elicit a reduction in …, , , , Robert Schwartz, Michael Chaiton, Tracey Borland, Lori Diemertjournal-articleflavours legislation marketing menthol tobacco-industry
Monitoring and Evaluating Ontario’s New Tobacco Policy Measures: Flavoured Tobacco ProhibitionIn 2016/2017, OTRU, in collaboration with key stakeholders, assessed the implementation and impact of new tobacco and e-cigarette policy measures …, Tracey Borland, Jolene Dubray, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportsflavours monitoring-and-evaluation
Health Insurance Coverage and Smoking CessationThis brief Project News update on health insurance coverage and smoking cessation treatments presents the effectiveness of insurance coverage, factors …, , Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzproject-newscessation health-insurance smoke-free-ontario
OTRU Knowledge and Evaluation Support Newsletter (September)This Knowledge and Evaluation Support newsletter highlights two projects. The first, the Niagara Pharmacy Quit Smoking Pilot Program, was a …, , , , Shawn O'Connor, Pam Kaufman, Lori Diemert, Robert Schwartzknowledge-evaluation-supportcessation health-professionals monitoring-and-evaluation prevention youth-and-young-adults
Tobacco Industry Tactics in Preparing for Menthol BanAbstract: Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of …, , , Robert Schwartz, Michael Chaiton, Tracey Borland, Lori Diemertjournal-articleavailability legislation marketing tobacco-industry
Perceived Addiction as a Predictor of Smoking Cessation Among Occasional SmokersAbstract Introduction: Common short screening measures of dependence that use number of cigarettes per day may not be appropriate for …, , , Michael Chaiton, Joanna Cohen, Susan Bondy, Peter Selby, K. Stephen Brown, Roberta Ferrence, John Garciajournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cessation perceived-addiction smoking
Smoking and Binge-Drinking Among Adolescents, Ontario, Canada: Does the School Neighbourhood Matter?Abstract This study examines whether access to alcohol and tobacco around the school relates to higher or lower odds of …, , , , Kristian Larsen, Teresa To, Hyacinth M. Irving, Angela Boak, Hayley A. Hamilton, Robert E. Mann, Robert Schwartz, Guy Faulknerjournal-articlealcohol availability prevention smoking youth-and-young-adults
Monitoring and Evaluating Ontario’s New E-Cigarette Policy Measures: Sale and Supply to YouthIn 2016/2017, OTRU, in collaboration with key stakeholders, assessed the implementation and impact of new tobacco and e-cigarette policy measures …, , , , Tracey Borland, Jolene Dubray, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportse-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes monitoring-and-evaluation vaping youth-and-young-adults
Youth Exposure to Tobacco in Movies in Ontario, Canada: 2004-2016Movies are a powerful vehicle for promoting tobacco use. Higher exposure to tobacco in movies increases the uptake of smoking …, , , , Rita Luk, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscigarettes marketing movies prevention youth-and-young-adults
Research on Electronic Cigarettes and Waterpipe (RECIG-WP)Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has grown exponentially and the use of waterpipes is on the rise, especially among youth and …, , , , , , , , , OTRUotru-updatese-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes health-effects hookah marketing nicotine policies-and-programs vaping waterpipe youth-and-young-adults
Research on Advancing Cessation Treatment (REACT)Despite declining prevalence of smoking in Ontario in the last few decades, rates of smoking cessation have not increased significantly …, , , , OTRUotru-updatescessation cigarettes health-effects smoke-free-ontario surveys
Public Health Policy in Support of Insurance Coverage for Smoking Cessation TreatmentsAbstract Insurance coverage for evidence-based smoking cessation treatments (SCTs) promotes uptake and reduces smoking rates. Published studies in this area …, , , , Alexey Babayan, Robert Schwartz, Farzana Haji, Christopher Longo, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articlecessation health-insurance nicotine-replacement-therapy nrt policies-and-programs
2016 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring ReportKey Findings: Past 30-day use of various tobacco products (including cigarettes, cigars, pipes, snuff or chewing tobacco, but not including …, , , , , , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation cigarettes e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control tobacco-products vaping waterpipe youth-and-young-adults
Commercial Tobacco Reduction in Indigenous Communities: 2017 Literature UpdateSmoking prevalence among indigenous groups globally often exceed that of non-Indigenous and settler populations in the same regions or nations. …, , , , , Michael Palmer, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportsaboriginal cessation first-nations indigenous-health policies-and-programs prevention
Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act Outdoor Smoking RegulationsSince 2015, OTRU has been conducting an ongoing formative evaluation to assess the implementation and impact of the outdoor Smoke-Free …, , , , , Jolene Dubray, Tracey Borland, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportsenforcement legislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection public-places smoke-free-ontario
Environmental Scan of Workplace Tobacco Control Activities in Ontario Public Health UnitsThis report provides the results of an environmental scan conducted by the Provincial Young Adult Prevention Advisory Group to identify …, , , OTRUspecial-reportscessation policies-and-programs protection workplaces
Public Health Unit Tobacco Use Cessation ServicesThis Update provides a summary of the tobacco use cessation services provided at the local-level by all 36 Public Health …, , Jolene Dubray, Shawn O'Connorotru-updatescessation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario
OTRU Updates Scientific Advisory Committee Report (SAC2)OTRU establishes the Smoke-Free Ontario Scientific Advisory Group (SFOSAG) and updates the SAC Report. Using the same approach as the …OTRUproject-news
OTRU Launches the Ontario Tobacco Research Network (OTRN)OTRU has established the Ontario Tobacco Research Network (OTRN) in order to provide a platform for Ontario tobacco control researchers …OTRUproject-news
Knowledge and Evaluation Support Update (March)Since 2013, OTRU has provided local program planning and evaluation services for Smoke-Free Ontario partners though the Knowledge and Evaluation …, , OTRUknowledge-evaluation-supportmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario
Can Dentists Help Patients Quit Smoking? The Role of Cessation MedicationsAbstract: Background: Clinical trials show the efficacy of dentists’ counseling in smoking cessation. However, little is known about the effectiveness …, , , Bo Zhang, Susan Bondy, Lori Diemert, Michael Chaitonjournal-articlecessation health-professionals pharmaceutical policies-and-programs
Tobacco Industry Response to Menthol Cigarette Bans in Alberta and Nova Scotia, CanadaAbstract Menthol cigarettes are associated with increased initiation and progression to regular smoking and decreased likelihood of smoking cessation. Menthol …, , , , , , Jennifer Brown, Teresa DeAtley, Kevin Welding, Robert Schwartz, Michael Chaiton, Deirdre Lawrence Kittner, Joanna Cohenjournal-articlecigarettes flavours legislation marketing menthol tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Assessing Continuous Quality Improvement in Public Health: Adapting Lessons from HealthcareAbstract Context: Evidence of the effect of continuous quality improvement (CQI) in public health and valid tools to judge that …, Alexey Babayan, Robert Schwartz, Joanna Cohen, Heather Manson, Fran Scottjournal-articlepublic-health surveys
Implementing Accountability and Performance Management in Public Health: An Examination of Ambiguity and ConflictAbstract Context: Evidence of the effect of continuous quality improvement (CQI) in public health and valid tools to judge that …, Alex Price, Robert Schwartz, Joanna Cohen, Heather Manson, Fran Scottjournal-articlepublic-health surveys
Nicotine: How Does it Affect Health?Of the more than 7000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, nicotine is one of the most widely assessed. Nicotine has been …, , , , , , , Roberta Ferrence, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzotru-updatescigarettes e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes health-effects nicotine tobacco-industry tobacco-products vaping
Legalize Marijuana Without the SmokeAbstract Smoking cigarettes is, without question, bad for your health. But can we say for certain that smoking marijuana is …, , , , , Robert Schwartzjournal-articlecancer cannabis health-effects legislation smoking tobacco-products
Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco Products: Claims and SciencePhilip Morris International says that it will be marketing a new product called iQOS in Ontario. iQOS uses a special …, , Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzotru-updatesheated-tobacco-products tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Health Professional Advice, Use of Medications and Smoking Cessation: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort StudyAbstract: Introduction: The mediating role of cessation medications in the association between health professional advice and quitting behaviors is unclear. Methods: Data …, , , , , Bo Zhang, Susan Bondy, Michael Chaiton, Lori Diemert, K. Stephen Brown, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articlecessation health-professionals longitudinal-study nicotine-replacement-therapy nrt pharmaceutical
Knowledge and Evaluation Support Update (September)This update provides an overview of OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support initiative for the 2016-2017 fiscal year. We highlight two …, , , , OTRUknowledge-evaluation-supportmonitoring-and-evaluation prevention protection public-places youth-engagement
Monitoring and Evaluating Ontario’s New Tobacco and E-Cigarette Policy MeasuresOTRU has begun a new project to assess the implementation and impact of the new tobacco and e-cigarette policy measures …, , , , , , , , , Tracey Borland, Jolene Dubray, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzevaluation-newse-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes flavours legislation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs public-places smoke-free-ontario tobacco-products vaping
Evaluation of the Amended Toronto Smoke-Free BylawsIn collaboration with Toronto Public Health, OTRU conducted an evaluation of Toronto’s amended outdoor smoke-free bylaws. Findings suggest that the …, , , Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartz, Pam Kaufmanspecial-reportsenforcement policies-and-programs protection secondhand-smoke
Estimating the Number of Quit Attempts It Takes to Quit Smoking Successfully in a Longitudinal Cohort of SmokersAbstract: Objectives: The number of quit attempts it takes a smoker to quit successfully is a commonly reported figure among …, , Michael Chaiton, Lori Diemert, Joanna Cohen, Susan Bondy, Peter Selby, Anne Philipneri, Robert Schwartzjournal-articlecessation longitudinal-study policies-and-programs
Support for Plain and Standardized Tobacco Packaging Regulations in OntarioThe Canadian government may be preparing regulations for plain and standardized packaging of cigarette products. This OTRU update examines the …, , , Michael Chaiton, Pam Kaufman, Roberta Ferrence, Shawn O'Connor, Robert Schwartzotru-updatescigarettes policies-and-programs surveys tobacco-products
Busting Myths About Smoking CessationWith limited population-level research, myths about smoking cessation persist. Research from the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS) has improved our understanding …, , , , , , , Michael Chaiton, Lori Diemert, Bo Zhang, Susan Bondyspecial-reportscessation cigarettes contraband legislation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Debunking the Taxation-Contraband Tobacco MythAbstract: Tobacco use is still the leading cause of preventable death in Canada and is a leading cause of preventable …, , , Robert Schwartz, Bo Zhangjournal-articlecontraband economics taxation tobacco-industry
Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation: A Systematic ReviewAbstract Background and Aims: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been steadily increasing in popularity among smokers, most of whom report using …, , , , Alexa Minichiello, Aliya Noormohamed, Muhannad Malas, Jan van der Tempel, Robert Schwartz, Roberta Ferrence, Clayton Lightfoot, Jaklyn Andrews, Laurie Zawertailojournal-articlecessation e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes smoking vaping
RECIG Expert Panel: Study Conclusions and Policy ImplicationsThis newsletter focuses on the results from the RECIG Expert Panel, an international and multidisciplinary meeting with experts in tobacco …, , , , , , Alexa Minichiello, Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzproject-newscessation e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes health-effects legislation protection vaping
RETRAC: Sharing Experiences and Knowledge Synthesis UpdateIn this edition of the RETRAC newsletter, we hear from a community Peer Researcher about their RETRAC experience; learn about …, , , Tracey Borland, Robert Schwartzproject-newscommercial-tobacco community-based-research first-nations indigenous-health
The Effects of Tobacco Control Mass Media Campaigns on the Cessation Behaviours of Ontario SmokersTobacco control mass media campaigns are a key element of comprehensive tobacco control strategies. Over the past decade, 94% of …, , , Michael Chaiton, Lori Diemert, Susan Bondyproject-newscessation policies-and-programs surveys tobacco-control
Assisted and Unassisted Quitting: Do Immigrant Neighbourhoods Quit Differently?Ontario has a diverse population with one third born outside Canada but little is known about how living in an …, , Sarah Edwards, Susan Bondy, Lori Diemert, Michael Chaitonproject-newscessation policies-and-programs surveys
Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act Outdoor Smoking RegulationsIn collaboration with public health units, OTRU conducted an evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act outdoor smoking regulations that banned …, , , , Jolene Dubray, Alexa Minichiello, Robert Schwartzknowledge-evaluation-supportcessation monitoring-and-evaluation protection public-places smoke-free-ontario
Vape, Quit, Tweet? Electronic Cigarettes and Smoking Cessation on TwitterAbstract Objectives: Individuals seeking information about electronic cigarettes are increasingly turning to social media networks like Twitter. We surveyed dominant …, , , , , Jan van der Tempel, Aliya Noormohamed, Robert Schwartz, Cameron Norman, Muhannad Malas, Laurie Zawertailojournal-articlecessation cigarettes e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes social-media vaping
2015 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring ReportKey Findings: Past 30-day use of various tobacco products (including cigarettes, cigars, pipes, snuff or chewing tobacco, but not including …, , , , , , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation cigarettes e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes hookah monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control vaping waterpipe
RETRAC: Knowledge Forum SummaryThis newsletter about the Research on Non-Traditional Tobacco Reduction in Aboriginal Communities (RETRAC) project includes an update on the RETRAC …, , , , , Tracey Borland, Robert Schwartzproject-newsaboriginal commercial-tobacco community-based-research first-nations indigenous-health policies-and-programs
Neighbourhoods in Ontario: The Association with Attempts to Quit SmokingSocial cohesion is “the extent of connectedness and solidarity among groups in society”. In Ontario, high social cohesion increased the …, , OTRUproject-newscessation policies-and-programs surveys
Smoking Cessation Behaviours Among Older Adult Smokers in OntarioIn Canada, 9.1% of adult smokers are 65 years of age or older. They tend to be longer-term smokers, often …, , OTRUproject-newscessation policies-and-programs surveys
Emerging RECIG Results: Knowledge Synthesis and Adult Survey 6-Month Follow-UpThis newsletter focuses on the results from the health effects and patterns of use knowledge syntheses, analysis of Ontario survey …, , , , , , , Alexa Minichiello, Ginnie Ng, Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzproject-newse-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes health-effects nicotine prevalence surveys vaping youth-and-young-adults
Knowledge and Evaluation Support Update (December)This update provides a snapshot of two current projects supported by OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team: Monitoring the Integration …, , , , Lori Diemert, Pam Kaufman, Shawn O'Connor, Robert Schwartzknowledge-evaluation-supportcessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys training
Effective Strategies to Reduce Commercial Tobacco Use in Indigenous Communities Globally: A Systematic ReviewAbstract Background: All over the world, Indigenous populations have remarkably high rates of commercial tobacco use compared to non-Indigenous groups. …, , , , , , , Alexa Minichiello, Ayla Lefkowitz, Michelle Firestone, Janet Smylie, Robert Schwartzjournal-articleaboriginal cessation cessation-services-resources commercial-tobacco first-nations indigenous-health intervention tobacco-products
A Common Public Health Oriented Policy Framework for Cannabis, Alcohol and Tobacco in Canada?Abstract Support for a public health approach to cannabis policy as an alternative to prohibition and criminalization is gaining momentum. …, , , , Maritt Kirst, Kat Kolar, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Brian Emerson, Elaine Hyshka, Rebecca Jesseman, Philippe Lucas, Robert Solomon, Gerald Thomasjournal-articlealcohol cannabis legislation public-health tobacco-products
Is It a Quit Attempt if It Doesn’t Last a Day?Many researchers use a definition of quit attempt that requires any attempt at cessation to last longer than 24 hours. …, Michael Chaitonotru-updatescessation surveys
Emerging RECIG Results: Youth and Young Adult InterviewsThis newsletter, the fourth in a series from OTRU’s Research on E-Cigarettes (RECIG) project, focuses on the results of youth …, , , , , Emily Di Sante, Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzproject-newse-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes nicotine surveys vaping youth-and-young-adults
Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team Newsletter (September)This newsletter provides a snapshot of two current projects supported by OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team: an evaluation of …, , Pam Kaufman, Shawn O'Connor, Robert Schwartzknowledge-evaluation-supportcessation monitoring-and-evaluation smoke-free-ontario
Youth Exposure to Tobacco in Movies in Ontario, Canada: 2004-2014Movies are a powerful vehicle for promoting tobacco use. Higher exposure to tobacco in movies increases the uptake of smoking …, , , , Rita Luk, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscigarettes marketing movies prevention youth-and-young-adults
Raising the Minimum Age for Access to Tobacco to 21The majority of smokers begin smoking in their teens or early twenties. Raising the legal age of access to tobacco …, , , , Marilyn Pope, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzotru-updateshealth-effects legislation prevention tobacco-control youth-and-young-adults
RETRAC: Research Progress and Preliminary Knowledge Synthesis FindingsThis newsletter about the Research on Non-Traditional Tobacco Reduction in Aboriginal Communities (RETRAC) project includes an update on research being …, , , , , , , Tracey Borland, Robert Schwartzproject-newsaboriginal cessation commercial-tobacco community-based-research indigenous-health policies-and-programs prevention surveys
Responding to a Growing Need for E-Cigarette Research in OntarioThe Ontario Tobacco Research Unit (OTRU), in partnership with the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), has undertaken a …, , , , , , Emily Di Sante, Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzproject-newscessation e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes nicotine surveys vaping youth-and-young-adults
Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team Newsletter (June)The first in the series of 2015-2016 newsletters from OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team provides a summary of activities …, , , , Emily Di Sante, Pam Kaufman, Shawn O'Connor, Robert Schwartzcessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection
A Smoke-Free Community Housing Policy: Changes in Reported Smoking Behaviour- Findings from Waterloo Region, CanadaAbstract: In 2010, Waterloo Region Housing (Canada) enacted a smoke-free (SF) housing policy that made all new leases in their …, , , , , , Ryan David Kennedy, Stephanie Ellens-Clark, Laurie Nagge, Ornell Douglas, Cheryl Madill, Pam Kaufmanjournal-articlecessation homes policies-and-programs protection secondhand-smoke surveys tobacco-control
Hookah in TorontoThis infographic is based on the findings of a study by OTRU researchers that assessed air quality using multiple ambient …, , , , , OTRUinfographicshookah public-places secondhand-smoke tobacco-products waterpipe workplaces
Evaluation of Workplace Cessation Demonstration Projects – Construction Organizations (May 2015)OTRU has been working with Smoke-Free Ontario partners to evaluate workplace-based smoking cessation demonstration projects in various public health units …, , Pam Kaufman, Tracey Borland, Rita Luk, Robert Schwartzevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation workplaces
Evaluation of Workplace Cessation Demonstration Projects – Manufacturing Organizations (May 2015)OTRU has been working with Smoke-Free Ontario partners to evaluate workplace-based smoking cessation demonstration projects in various public health units …, , Pam Kaufman, Tracey Borland, Rita Luk, Robert Schwartzevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation workplaces
STOP Program Implementation in Three Health Care Treatment SettingsThis newsletter reports on a comparative evaluation of STOP program delivery in Addiction Agencies, Community Health Centres and Family Health …, , Pam Kaufman, Emily Di Sante, Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs
Duration of Nicotine Replacement Therapy Use and Smoking Cessation: A Population-Based Longitudinal StudyAbstract: In the present study, we examined the association between duration of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) use and smoking cessation …, , , Bo Zhang, Joanna Cohen, Susan Bondy, Peter Selbyjournal-articlecessation longitudinal-study nicotine nicotine-replacement-therapy
Use of Quit Aids Among Ontario SmokersResearch shows that smokers who use quit aids such as pharmacotherapies and behavioral support are more likely to be successful …, , Bo Zhang, Michael Chaitonotru-updatescessation surveys trend-analysis
RECIG Project Update: Responding to a Growing Need for E-Cigarette Research in OntarioThe second in a series of four newsletters from OTRU’s Research on E-Cigarettes (RECIG) Project highlights initial findings from the …, , , , Robert Schwartz, Aliya Noormohamed, Jaklyn Andrews, Muhannad Malas, Jan van der Tempelproject-newse-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes nicotine surveys vaping
Knowledge & Evaluation Support Team Newsletter (March)The fourth in the series of 2014-2015 newsletters from OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team provides a summary of activities …, , Emily Di Sante, Robert Schwartzknowledge-evaluation-supportlegislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection
“Enter At Your Own Risk”: A Multi-Method Study of Air Quality and Biomarkers in Canadian Waterpipe CafesAbstract: Background: Tobacco and non-tobacco-based waterpipe smoking has increased exponentially in many countries in recent decades, particularly among youth and …, , , , , , , , Bo Zhang, Farzana Haji, Pam Kaufman, Sarah Muir, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleair-quality hookah nicotine policies-and-programs protection public-places secondhand-smoke tobacco-products waterpipe
Waterpipe Use Among High School Students in Ontario: Demographic and Substance Use CorrelatesAbstract Objective: To examine waterpipe use and its association with demographic factors, tobacco cigarette smoking, ever use of electronic cigarettes …, , , Angela Boak, Hayley A. Hamilton, Roberta Ferrence, Shawn O'Connor, Robert E. Mann, Robert Schwartz, Edward M. Adlafjournal-articlehookah tobacco-products waterpipe youth-and-young-adults
Development of Measures Assessing Attitudes Toward Contraband Tobacco Among a Web-Based Sample of SmokersAbstract Background: As regulation of tobacco products tightens, there are concerns that illicit markets may develop to supply restricted products. …, , , , Sarah Adkison, Richard O’Connor, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzjournal-articlecontraband economics policies-and-programs surveys tobacco-products
What Effect Does Tobacco Taxation Have on Contraband? Debunking the Taxation – Contraband Tobacco MythResearch demonstrates that many factors are associated with contraband tobacco use, including: easy access, misconceptions about “legal” purchase of cigarettes …, , , , Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscontraband surveys taxation tobacco-control trend-analysis
Smoking Cessation Interventions for YouthThe Smoking Cessation Interventions for Youth report explores the current state of knowledge about effective and promising interventions and practices …, , , Ravinder Gabble, Alexey Babayan, Emily Di Sante, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs youth-and-young-adults
Introduction to RECIG: Research on E-CigarettesThis first OTRU RECIG newsletter provides updates on three ongoing RECIG study components: an ongoing knowledge synthesis; a report of …, , , , , , Robert Schwartz, Muhannad Malas, Aliya Noormohamed, Jan van der Tempelproject-newse-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes monitoring-and-evaluation nicotine surveys vaping youth-and-young-adults
2014 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring Report – Full ReportThe Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring Report finds tobacco use among grade 12 youth remains steady at 6%, but smoking use …, , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation marketing monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control tobacco-industry
2014 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring Report – Executive SummaryOTRU’s Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring Report Executive Summary provides a synopsis of the report’s comprehensive review of the progress of …, , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation marketing monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control tobacco-industry
Research on Non-Traditional Tobacco Use Reduction in Aboriginal Communities (RETRAC)OTRU, together with the Well Living House at the Centre for Research on Inner City Health (CRICH), is studying how …, , , , , , , OTRUotru-updatesaboriginal cessation commercial-tobacco community-based-research first-nations indigenous-health policies-and-programs prevention
Knowledge & Evaluation Support Update (December)This newsletter is the third of a series of four from OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team for 2014-2015. It …, , Emily Di Sante, Robert Schwartzknowledge-evaluation-supportmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs protection
The Effect of MPOWER on Smoking PrevalenceAbstract Objective To examine the effect of varying levels of comprehensive tobacco control on smoking in a global context. Methods Using data …, , , , , , , Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartz, Michael Chaiton, Shawn O'Connor, Joanna Cohenjournal-articlecessation legislation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection tobacco-control
Real World Effectiveness of Varenicline and Other Smoking Cessation MedicationsThere is strong evidence from randomized control trials that cessation medication can help people quit smoking; however, real world studies …, Michael Chaiton, Lori Diemert, Susan Bondy, Joanna Cohen, Roberta Ferrenceotru-updatescessation surveys
Tobacco Smoke Entering Homes in Multi-Unit Dwellings in OntarioExposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is a long standing public health issue. The Smoke-Free Ontario Act protects many Ontarians from …, , , , Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzotru-updateshomes monitoring-and-evaluation protection secondhand-smoke surveys
Exposure to Smoking on Patios and Quitting: A Population Representative Longitudinal Cohort StudyAbstract Objectives: Smoke-free policies not only reduce harm to non-smokers, they may also reduce harm to smokers by decreasing the …, , , Michael Chaiton, Lori Diemert, Bo Zhang, Ryan David Kennedy, Joanna Cohen, Susan Bondy, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articlecessation legislation public-places secondhand-smoke
Reducing the Burden of Tobacco: What’s the Endgame?Abstract Tobacco use causes a tremendous amount of morbidity and mortality globally, with a staggering level of financial costs. In …, , , , Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzjournal-articlemarketing plain-packaging policies-and-programs public-health tobacco-control
Ever Use of Nicotine and Non-nicotine Electronic Cigarettes Among High School Students in Ontario, CanadaAbstract Introduction: There are limited data on the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among youth, particularly with regard to the …, , , , , , Hayley A. Hamilton, Roberta Ferrence, Angela Boak, Robert Schwartz, Robert E. Mann, Shawn O'Connor, Edward M. Adlafjournal-articlecessation e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes nicotine prevention vaping youth-and-young-adults
OTRU Research on the Use and Impact of Electronic CigarettesPublic debate abounds about e-cigarettes, their promotion, sale and use; concerns over youth uptake; the potential for renormalization of smoking; …, , , , , , , OTRUotru-updatescessation cigarettes e-cigarettes electronic-cigarettes health-effects nicotine prevention youth-and-young-adults
Knowledge & Evaluation Support Update (September)This newsletter is the second of a series of four from OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team for 2014-2015. It …, , Alexey Babayan, Emily Di Santeknowledge-evaluation-supportmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs protection
The Priority Group Index: A Proposed New Method Incorporating High Risk and Population Burden to Identify Target Populations for Public Health InterventionsAbstract: Context: Selection of priority groups is important for health interventions. However, no quantitative method has been developed. Objectives: To …, , , Bo Zhang, Joanna Cohen, Shawn O'Connorjournal-articlemethodological-study population public-health surveys
Understanding the Sources of Normative Influence on Behavior: The Example of TobaccoAbstract Despite extensive research on social norms, the sources of norm formation are not well understood. Social exposure to a …, , , , Erin Mead, Rajiv Rimal, Roberta Ferrence, Joanna Cohenjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cessation norms smoking social-exposure
CCHS Data on Smoking Prevalence and Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Ontario: Provincial and Regional EstimatesThis update provides a brief overview of smoking prevalence and exposure to secondhand smoke in Ontario based on the findings …, , , , , , , OTRUotru-updateshomes monitoring-and-evaluation public-places secondhand-smoke surveys trend-analysis vehicles youth-and-young-adults
Knowledge & Evaluation Support Update (June)This newsletter is the first of a series of four from OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team for 2014-2015. It …, , Emily Di Sante, Robert Schwartzknowledge-evaluation-supportmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs protection
Exposure to Onscreen Tobacco in Movies among Ontario Youth, 2004-2013Smoking in movies is a cause for smoking initiation and progression to regular smoking among youth. Higher exposure to onscreen …, , , , Alexey Babayan, Rita Luk, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscigarettes marketing movies prevention youth-and-young-adults
Waterpipe Use in OntarioAs waterpipe use has increased around the world, it has become a growing public health concern. This update examines the …, , , , , , Michael Chaiton, Rita Lukotru-updateshookah monitoring-and-evaluation prevalence surveys tobacco-products waterpipe youth-and-young-adults
Evaluation of the Workplace-based Cessation Demonstration Projects Initiative (April 2014)OTRU is working with participating public health units, workplace leaders and other key partners to evaluate workplace-based tobacco use cessation …, , , Pam Kaufmanevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs workplaces
An Update on Varenicline Use in OntarioVarenicline is currently funded as a Limited Use Benefit on the Ontario Drug Benefit Formulary. However, little is known about …, Michael Chaitonotru-updatescessation surveys
OTRU’s Evaluation Guidance and Support Project #2 (March)This newsletter is the fourth of a series from OTRU’s Evaluation Support Team outlining OTRU’s evaluation and research services for …, , Alexey Babayan, Emily Di Santeknowledge-evaluation-supportmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs protection
Evaluation of the STOP Program with Community Health Centres and Addiction AgenciesThis newsletter provides an overview of this Ontario-based smoking cessation project, outlines evaluation methods, highlights key findings and discusses successes …, , Alexey Babayan, Emily Di Santeevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs
OTRU’s Evaluation Guidance and Support Project #1 (March)This newsletter is the third of a series from OTRU’s Evaluation Support Team outlining OTRU’s evaluation and research services for …, , , , Alexey Babayan, Emily Di Santeknowledge-evaluation-supportlegislation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs protection public-places
Evaluation of the Risk-Based Enforcement Pilot: A Risk Categorization Model for Youth Access to Tobacco, Final ReportA risk categorization model for youth access enforcement was piloted in three public health units over a 12-month period in …, , , Bo Zhang, Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscigarettes enforcement prevention smoke-free-ontario
2013 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring Report – Full ReportThe Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy is a comprehensive tobacco control program involving a broad coalition of partners including provincial and local …, , , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation marketing monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control tobacco-industry trend-analysis
2013 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring Report – Executive SummaryOTRU’s Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring Report Executive Summary provides a synopsis of the report’s comprehensive review of the progress of …, , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation marketing monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control tobacco-industry
OTRU’s Evaluation Guidance and Support Project (January)This newsletter is the second of a series from OTRU’s Evaluation Support Team outlining OTRU’s evaluation and research services for …, , , Alexey Babayan, Emily Di Santeknowledge-evaluation-supportcessation monitoring-and-evaluation prevention protection
Patterns of Cigarillo Use Among Canadian Young Adults in Two Urban SettingsAbstract Objectives: Current estimates indicate that cigarillo use has become commonplace among young adults in Canada despite the established risks …, , , , , , , Erika Yates, Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartz, Maritt Kirst, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Juhee Suwal, Juanita Hatcherjournal-articlecannabis cigarettes cigarillos flavours prevention smoking tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
Quitting Smoking in OntarioTo view the Quitting Smoking in Ontario infographic in a larger size, right-click on the graphic and choose to open …, , , , , , , , OTRUinfographicsattitudes-behaviours cessation cessation-services-resources cigarettes nicotine nicotine-replacement-therapy nrt surveys tobacco-products
Strategies Affecting Tobacco Vendor Compliance with Youth Access Laws: A Review of the LiteraturePrograms that effectively disrupt tobacco sales to minors have been shown to reduce smoking among youth. This report reviews the …, , Lori Diemert, Jolene Dubray, Alexey Babayan, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation youth-and-young-adults
Prohibitions/Restrictions on Flavoured Tobacco Products – 2013 Monitoring UpdateIn recent years in Canada and in other countries, the tobacco industry has increasingly used flavours as part of a …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updateslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-industry tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
Cessation Pathways: Exploring Opportunities for Developing a Coordinated Smoking Cessation System in OntarioThis Special Report highlights the results of an exploratory study to learn about smokers’ experiences with existing smoking cessation services/resources …, , Maritt Kirst, Noorin Manji, Jaklyn Andrews, Emily Di Sante, Alexey Babayan, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs
Youth Access to Tobacco Products – 2013 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control includes age-related restrictions on access to tobacco products. These restrictions target young people who, as a group, …, , , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
Litigation against the Tobacco Industry – 2013 Monitoring UpdateLitigation against the tobacco industry is any attempt to challenge the tobacco industry through judicial process. This update summarizes healthcare …, , , OTRUmonitoring-updateslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-industry
Exposure to Secondhand Smoke on PatiosThe health risks of second hand smoke (SHS) are now well established; in many places, including the province of Ontario, …, , , Michael Chaitonotru-updateslegislation protection secondhand-smoke workplaces
Data Standards for Smoke-Free Ontario Smoking Cessation Service ProvidersA range of smoking cessation interventions are available to help Ontario smokers quit. This report identifies common intake and follow-up …, , Lori Diemert, Sue Keller-Olaman, Robert Schwartz, Shawn O'Connor, Alexey Babayanspecial-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation surveys
Technical Report of the Ontario SimSmokeThe Ontario SimSmoke model was developed using the SimSmoke tobacco control policy model. Using population, policy, and smoking data for …, , , , , Bo Zhang, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscigarettes policies-and-programs prevalence simsmoke simulation-modelling tobacco-control
Protection from Outdoor SmokingThis update provides an overview of the issues surrounding exposure to outdoor smoking including the impacts of physical and social …, , , Roberta Ferrence, Sarah Muirotru-updatesprotection public-places secondhand-smoke surveys
OTRU’s Evaluation Guidance and Support Project (July 2013)This newsletter is the first of a series from OTRU’s Evaluation Support Team outlining OTRU’s evaluation and research services for …, , , Alexey Babayan, Emily Di Santeevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation prevention protection
Evaluation of the Workplace-based Cessation Demonstration Projects Initiative (July 2013)Smoking rates are higher among occupations in manufacturing, construction and service industry sectors. OTRU is working with participating public health …, , , Pam Kaufmanevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs workplaces
Transitions in Smoking Status over Time in a Population-Based Panel Study of SmokersAbstract Introduction: Few studies have examined the transitions of smokers in the general population through multiple periods of daily, occasional …, , , , Susan Bondy, J. Charles Victor, Lori Diemert, Graham Mecredy, Michael Chaiton, K. Stephen Brown, Joanna Cohen, Paul W. McDonald, Roberta Ferrence, John Garcia, Peter Selby, Robert Schwartzjournal-articlecessation longitudinal-study prevalence smoking surveys
Evaluation of the Risk-Based Enforcement Pilot: A Risk Categorization Model for Youth Access to Tobacco, Interim ReportSince 1994, it has been illegal to sell or supply a tobacco product to a person under the age of …, , Jolene Dubray, Maritt Kirst, Erika Yates, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportsprevention protection youth-and-young-adults
Promoting a Smokers’ Quitline in Ontario, Canada: An Evaluation of an Academic Detailing ApproachAbstract This study assesses the impact of an academic detailing quitline promotional outreach program on integration of patient referrals to …, , , , , Maritt Kirst, Robert Schwartzjournal-articlecessation cessation-services-resources monitoring-and-evaluation nicotine-replacement-therapy nrt tobacco-control
Do Health Policy Advisors Know What the Public Wants?Abstract Background: Health policy-making, a complex, multi-factorial process, requires balancing conflicting values. A salient issue is public support for policies; …, , , , Laura Rosen, David Rier, Greg Connolly, Anat Oren, Carla Landau, Robert Schwartzjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours policies-and-programs public-places secondhand-smoke tobacco-control
Ontario Adult Support for Restricted Ratings for Movies Showing SmokingUsing data from the 2012 Centre for Addiction and Mental Health’s CAMH Monitor, this update presents findings on the level …, , , , , OTRUotru-updatescigarettes marketing movies tobacco-industry tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
Exploring the Adequacy of Smoking Cessation Support for Pregnant and Postpartum WomenAbstract Background: Smoking in pregnancy exemplifies the relationship between tobacco use and health inequalities. While difficulty reaching and engaging this …, , , , , , , , , , Tracey Borland, Alexey Babayan, Saeeda Irfan, Robert Schwartzjournal-articleaboriginal cessation cessation-services-resources first-nations gender indigenous-health nicotine-replacement-therapy nrt policies-and-programs postpartum women
Formative Evaluation of the Public Health Unit Youth Engagement Initiative–Brief ReportThis formative evaluation study examines the process of implementation of the Youth Engagement Initiative as outlined in the 2010 scopes …, , , , Maritt Kirst, Tracey Borland, Farzana Haji, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportsmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control youth-and-young-adults
Cessation Pathways: Exploring Opportunities for Developing a Coordinated Smoking Cessation System in Ontario (Volume 5 Number 1)This newsletter presents a summary of early and emerging findings among a preliminary sample of survey and in-depth interview participants …, , , , Maritt Kirst, Jaklyn Andrews, Emily Di Sante, Alexey Babayan, Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartzevaluation-newscessation cigarettes nicotine policies-and-programs surveys
2012 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Evaluation Report – Full ReportPartners of the Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy have made solid progress in implementing a comprehensive approach to achieving vital tobacco control …, , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation marketing monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control tobacco-industry
2012 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Evaluation Report – Executive SummaryOTRU’s Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Evaluation Report Executive Summary provides a synposis of the report’s comprehensive review of the progress of …, , , , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation marketing monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control tobacco-industry
Putting Thirdhand Smoke on the Policy and Research Agenda: Knowledge User Survey ResultsIn response to growing concerns about third hand smoke (THS), OTRU hosted a workshop for public health, tobacco control policy, …, , , OTRUotru-updatesprotection secondhand-smoke surveys thirdhand-smoke
Tobacco-Free Sports and Recreation PoliciesThe main goal of this evaluation was to explore the implementation and impact of TFSR policies within the sport of …, , , , , , Cora McCloy, Sue Keller-Olamanspecial-reportspolicies-and-programs prevention protection public-places secondhand-smoke smoke-free-ontario youth-and-young-adults
Formative Evaluation of the Public Health Unit Youth Engagement Initiative (Volume 4 Number 2)This newsletter reports on key findings from a formative evaluation of how the Initiative has been implemented in public health …, , , , Maritt Kirst, Tracey Borland, Farzana Haji, Robert Schwartzevaluation-newsmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control youth-and-young-adults
Air Quality, Mortality, and Economic Benefits of a Smoke-Free Workplace Law for Non-Smoking Ontario Bar WorkersAbstract We estimated the impact of a smoke-free workplace bylaw on non-smoking bar workers’ health in Ontario, Canada. We measured …, , , , , , James Repace, Bo Zhang, Susan Bondy, Neal Benowitz, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleair-quality economics legislation protection public-places secondhand-smoke workplaces
Public Support for Smoke-Free Areas in Israel: A Case for ActionAbstract Objective: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) harms adults and children. Though most governments are obliged by international health treaty to …, , , , Anat Oren, Laura Rosen, David Rier, Robert Schwartz, Anna Kopel, Alexandra Gevman, Mitch Zeller, Greg Connollyjournal-articleair-quality policies-and-programs protection secondhand-smoke tobacco-products
TIMS-SK Update: Smoking Cessation: An Integral Part of Primary Health-Care DeliveryThis update explores quitting behaviour and the use of pharmacotherapy and behavioural aids among Saskatchewan smokers aged 15 years and …, , , , Shawn O'Connor, Anne Philipneri, Robert Schwartz, Melinda Krynen-Hill, Emily Di Santeproject-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation surveys tobacco-control trend-analysis
Litigation against the Tobacco Industry – 2012 Monitoring UpdateLitigation against the tobacco industry is any attempt to challenge the tobacco industry through judicial process. This update summarizes healthcare …, , OTRUmonitoring-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Prohibition of Tobacco Sales in Specific Places – 2012 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control includes prohibition of tobacco sales in specific places in order to decrease the physical availability of tobacco …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection tobacco-control
Protection from Secondhand Smoke – 2012 Monitoring UpdateThis update reviews current bans under the Smoke-Free Ontario Act and concludes that protection from secondhand smoke in Ontario is …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updateshealth-effects legislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection secondhand-smoke
Tobacco Taxes – 2012 Monitoring UpdateTaxation is a policy tool used to increase the retail price of tobacco products in order to decrease their economic …, , OTRUmonitoring-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation taxation tobacco-control
Tobacco Database Resources Available from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit – 2012The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit recently updated two tobacco database resources for the design and conduct of studies related to …OTRUotru-updates
Evaluating the Saskatchewan Tobacco Reduction Strategy – Issue 3This newsletter presents results from an evaluation of the Partnership to Assist with Cessation of Tobacco and Tobacco Addiction Recovery …, , , , Emily Di Sante, Robert Schwartz, Melinda Krynen-Hillevaluation-newsaboriginal cessation cigarettes monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs
Provision of Smoking Cessation by Ontario Dental Health ProfessionalsThis study explores the experience of three dental health professional groups (dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants) in providing smoking cessation …, Alexey Babayan, Jolene Dubray, Farzana Haji, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscessation surveys
Evaluating the Saskatchewan Tobacco Reduction Strategy – Issue 2This newsletter presents summary findings on tobacco use, cessation, prevention and protection from the Comprehensive Mid-Term Strategy Progress Report (the …, , , , , , , Emily Di Sante, Robert Schwartz, Melinda Krynen-Hillevaluation-newscessation legislation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection trend-analysis
Challenges of Evaluating Comprehensive Complex Tobacco Control StrategiesAbstract Challenges to evaluating comprehensive complex strategies revolve around addressing comprehensiveness, attribution, and complexity. The latter requires attention to synergies …, Robert Schwartz, Gillian Paisjournal-articlemonitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control
Youth Engagement and Tobacco Control in On-Reserve Aboriginal CommunitiesThis report summarizes findings from an evaluation of the Youth Action Alliance of Manitoulin Island (YAA MAN). The Youth Action …, , , , , , Saeeda Irfan, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportsaboriginal first-nations indigenous-health monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention youth-and-young-adults
Engaging Aboriginal Youth in Off-Reserve Communities: A Case-Study of MAKWAThis report presents a formative evaluation of Making Aboriginal Kids Walk Away (From Tobacco Abuse) (MAKWA), an Aboriginal Youth Action …, , , , , , Saeeda Irfan, Robert Schwartz, Sarah Bierrespecial-reportsaboriginal first-nations indigenous-health monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention youth-and-young-adults
Smoking Cessation Activities in Ontario Hospitals: Survey ResultsThe Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport (MHPS) and the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) recently launched an …, , , Alexey Babayan, Jolene Dubray, Emily Taylor, Erika Yates, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscessation policies-and-programs surveys tobacco-control
2011 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Evaluation Report – Full ReportOTRU’s Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Evaluation Report provides a comprehensive review of the progress of the province’s tobacco control initiatives. Ontario’s …, , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
2011 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Evaluation Report – Executive SummaryOTRU’s Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Evaluation Report Executive Summary provides a synposis of the report’s comprehensive review of the progress of …, , , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevalence prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Effects of Tobacco Taxation and Pricing on Smoking Behavior in High Risk Populations: A Knowledge SynthesisAbstract Tobacco taxation is an essential component of a comprehensive tobacco control strategy. However, to fully realize the benefits it …, , , , , Pearl Bader, David Boisclair, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articlecessation policies-and-programs public-health socio-economic-status taxation tobacco-products
Thirty Year Trends in Tobacco and Cannabis Use Among Ontario YouthThis update presents data on the use and co-use of tobacco and cannabis among students over the past three decades …, , , OTRUotru-updatescannabis surveys trend-analysis youth-and-young-adults
Do Components of Current “Hardcore Smoker” Definitions Predict Quitting Behaviours?Abstract Aims: It has been hypothesized that the smoking population is represented by an increasingly ‘hardcore’ group of smokers who …, , , David Ip, Joanna Cohen, Susan Bondy, Michael Chaiton, Peter Selby, Robert Schwartz, Paul W. McDonald, John Garcia, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cessation longitudinal-study surveys
Tobacco Control Funding Commitments – 2011 Monitoring UpdateSubstantial government funding is necessary if tobacco control strategies are to be effective in reducing tobacco related illness and death. …, , OTRUmonitoring-updateseconomics monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control
Litigation Against the Tobacco Industry – 2011 Monitoring UpdateThis update summarizes recent Canadian healthcare cost recovery lawsuits against the tobacco industry and litigation efforts related to contraband. International …, , OTRUmonitoring-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-industry
Evaluating the Saskatchewan Tobacco Reduction Strategy – Issue 1This newsletter presents a summary of the evaluation plan for the Saskatchewan Tobacco Reduction Strategy. Related publications: Evaluating the Saskatchewan …, , , , , Emily Di Sante, Robert Schwartz, Jaklyn Andrewsevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection trend-analysis
Analysis of the Young Adult Ontario WorkforceThe purpose of this report is to identify points of intervention for smoking cessation within the young adult Ontario workforce. …, , Christine Stich, John Garciaspecial-reportscessation workplaces youth-and-young-adults
Planned Quit Attempts Among Ontario Smokers: Impact on AbstinenceAbstract Aims: To examine the use and role of planned quit attempts by smokers and their impact on abstinence. Design: …, , , , Taryn Sendzik, Paul W. McDonald, K. Stephen Brown, David Hammond, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleabstinence attitudes-behaviours cessation longitudinal-study smoking
Typologies of Smokers and Non-Smokers: Encouraging Changes over TimeResearch Letter Previous research has classified smokers and non-smokers on the basis of their attitudes and behaviours towards smoking and …, , , , , Graham Mecredy, Joanna Cohen, Roberta Ferrence, Blake Poland, Paul W. McDonald, John Garciajournal-articleattitudes-behaviours longitudinal-study perceived-addiction prevalence smoking surveys
Not Just ‘A Few Wisps’: Real-time Measurement of Tobacco Smoke at Entrances to Office BuildingsAbstract Introduction: An unintended consequence of indoor smoking restrictions is the relocation of smoking to building entrances, where non-smokers may be …, , , , , Pam Kaufman, Bo Zhang, Susan Bondy, Neil Klepeis, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleair-quality attitudes-behaviours policies-and-programs protection public-places secondhand-smoke
Tobacco Taxes – 2011 Monitoring UpdateTaxation is a policy tool used to increase the retail price of tobacco products in order to decrease their economic …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection tobacco-control
Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Building Entrances: A Public Health ConcernThere is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke. Even brief exposure can trigger asthma attacks in children, and …, , OTRUotru-updatesprotection public-places secondhand-smoke
Evaluation of a Youth Engagement Initiative to Promote Healthy Choices (Volume 4 Number 1)This evaluation is an ongoing multiyear effort that supports learning throughout the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport youth …, , , Maritt Kirstevaluation-newsmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario youth-and-young-adults
Prohibition of Tobacco Sales In Specific Places – 2011 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control includes prohibition of tobacco sales in specific places in order to decrease the physical availability of tobacco …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection tobacco-control
Prohibition of Tobacco Sales In Specific Places – 2010 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control includes prohibition of tobacco sales in specific places in order to decrease the physical availability of tobacco …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-products
Smoking Low-Cost Cigarettes: Disparities EvidentAbstract The availability of low-cost cigarettes undermines tobacco control’s most effective measure to reduce smoking prevalence: keeping cigarette prices high …, , , , , , Lori Diemert, Joanna Cohen, Susan Bondy, Russell Callaghan, Roberta Ferrence, John Garcia, Robert Schwartz, Peter Selbyjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cigarettes economics longitudinal-study smoking surveys tobacco-products
Waterpipe Smoking: A Growing Health ConcernWaterpipe (hookah) use is increasing globally. This update reviews recent data that provide an indication of level of use in …, , , , , , OTRUotru-updateshealth-effects hookah prevalence prevention surveys tobacco-products waterpipe
Litigation against the Tobacco Industry – 2010 Monitoring UpdateLitigation against the tobacco industry is any attempt to challenge the tobacco industry through judicial process. This update summarizes recent …, , OTRUmonitoring-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-industry
Tobacco Database Resources from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit – 2010The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit recently updated two tobacco database resources for the design and conduct of studies related to …, OTRUotru-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation surveys
Evidence to Guide Action: Comprehensive Tobacco Control in Ontario: A Report of the Smoke-Free Ontario Scientific Advisory CommitteeThe Smoke-Free Ontario-Scientific Advisory Committee (SFO-SAC) report, Evidence to Guide Action: Comprehensive Tobacco Control in Ontario, outlines exciting new evidence-informed …, , , , Smoke-Free Ontario Scientific Advisory Committeeexternal-reportscessation prevention protection smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Building On Our Gains, Taking Action Now: Ontario’s Tobacco Control Strategy for 2011-2016This is the report of the Tobacco Strategy Advisory Group, established by the Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport in …, , , , Tobacco Strategy Advisory Group (TSAG)external-reportscessation prevention protection smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Tobacco Control Funding Commitments – 2010 Monitoring UpdateSubstantial government funding is necessary if tobacco control strategies are to be effective in reducing tobacco related illness and death. …, , OTRUmonitoring-updateseconomics monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control
The Next Stage: Delivering Tobacco Prevention and Cessation Knowledge through Public Health NetworksIn Canada, tobacco control practices, programs and policies occur at the national, provincial and local levels. While federal, provincial and …, , , , Tracey Borland, Robert Schwartzexternal-reportscessation policies-and-programs prevention protection tobacco-control
Smoking in Urban Outdoor Public Places: Behaviour, Experiences, and Implications for Public HealthAbstract This paper identifies factors that influence where people smoke outdoors and examines the impact of smoking on people who …, , , , , , Pam Kaufman, Kara Griffin, Roberta Ferrence, Joanna Cohen, Nathan Perkinsjournal-articleair-quality attitudes-behaviours policies-and-programs protection public-health public-places secondhand-smoke
Protection from Secondhand Smoke – 2010 Monitoring UpdateThere is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. In addition to causing heart disease, cancer and premature death …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updateshealth-effects legislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection secondhand-smoke
Evidence to Inform Smoking Cessation Policymaking in OntarioThis OTRU Special Report provides evidence to inform the development of Ontario’s smoking cessation strategy. The report states the general …, , , Robert Schwartz, Shawn O'Connor, Nadia Minian, Tracey Borland, Alexey Babayan, Roberta Ferrence, Joanna Cohen, Jolene Dubrayspecial-reportscessation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Smoking in Outdoor Public Spaces: Behaviours and Experiences of Smokers and NonsmokersThis update highlights findings that were recently published in Kaufman P, Griffin K, Ferrence R, Cohen J, Perkins N. Smoking …, OTRUotru-updatespublic-places secondhand-smoke
“Hardcore” Definitions and Their Application to a Population-Based Sample of SmokersAbstract Introduction: As smoking prevalence declines, some suggest that so-called “hardcore” smokers will come to represent a growing and irreducible …, , , , Michelle Costa, Joanna Cohen, Michael Chaiton, David Ip, Paul W. McDonald, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cessation nicotine prevalence smoking
Problems, Policies and Politics: A Comparative Case Study of Contraband Tobacco from the 1990s to the Present in the Canadian ContextAbstract Contraband tobacco has been and continues to be a global public health policy concern, with special manifestations in Canada. …, , , , Robert Schwartz, Teela Johnsonjournal-articlecigarettes contraband policies-and-programs taxation tobacco-products
Tobacco Taxes – 2010 Monitoring UpdateTaxation is a policy tool used to increase the retail price of tobacco products in order to decrease their economic …, , OTRUmonitoring-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation taxation tobacco-control
Youth Access to Tobacco Products – 2010 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control includes age-related restrictions on access to tobacco products. These restrictions target young people who, as a group, …, , , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
Survey on Tobacco Control Activities in Canada’s Public Health Units and Health Regions: Survey Results ReportThis report presents the findings of a survey on tobacco control activities in Canada’s public health units and health authorities. …, , , , Alexey Babayan, Ahila Srikandarajah, Ashley Duncan, Robert Schwartzexternal-reportscessation policies-and-programs prevention protection tobacco-control
Formative Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act: Comprehensive ReportThis is the fourth in a series of reports about the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act (SFOA). The …, , , , , Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportslegislation prevention protection public-places smoke-free-ontario youth-and-young-adults
Retail Display of Tobacco Products – 2010 Monitoring UpdateRetail display refers to the visible presence of tobacco products and accessories at the point of sale. The tobacco industry …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Understanding the Impact of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act on Hospitality Establishments’ Outdoor Environments: A Survey of Restaurants and BarsAbstract Background: The Smoke-Free Ontario Act (SFOA) came into effect in May 2006 and included restrictions to outdoor hospitality areas …, , , , , , Ryan David Kennedy, Tara Elton-Marshall, Seema Mutti, Jolene Dubray, Geoffrey T. Fongjournal-articleair-quality legislation protection public-places secondhand-smoke smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Impact of the Smoking Cessation System on Young Male SmokersThis Special Report presents the results from an evaluation study that assessed the extent to which Ontario’s smoking cessation system …, , Nadia Minian, Robert Schwartz, Emily Di Sante, Anne Philipnerispecial-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation youth-and-young-adults
Knowledge Exchange and Dissemination: Tools and TechnologiesThis document provides an Environmental Scan of Web 2.0 Technologies prepared by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit for the Canadian …, Tracey Borland, Robert Schwartzexternal-reportspolicies-and-programs tobacco-control
On the Street: What Low SES Smokers Say About Smoking Cessation in Ontario (Volume 3 Number 4)This study evaluates the success of Ontario’s smoking cessation system in promoting and supporting quit attempts by low socio-economic status …, , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys tobacco-control
Low SES Smokers in Ontario: A Comparison on the Basis of Education (Volume 3 Number 3)This study evaluates the success of Ontario’s smoking cessation system in promoting and supporting quit attempts by low socio-economic status …, , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys tobacco-control
Passive Smoking and ChildrenEditorial On the 24 March, the tobacco advisory group of the Royal College of Physicians (RCP) in England published its …, , , , , , Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleair-quality children health-effects homes protection secondhand-smoke smoking
The Impact of Ontario Smoke-Free Legislation on Secondhand Smoke in Enclosed Public PlacesAbstract Many studies have evaluated the impact of indoor smoking bans on secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. No studies have assessed …, , , , , Bo Zhang, Susan Bondy, Jo Anne Chiavetta, Peter Selby, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleair-quality legislation protection public-places secondhand-smoke smoke-free-ontario
Trends in Student Smoking Give Reason for Cautious OptimismThis update provides findings on the extent and patterns of tobacco use among Ontario students from the most recent OSDUHS …, , , OTRUotru-updatesprevalence surveys trend-analysis youth-and-young-adults
Tobacco-Related Medical Education and Physician Interventions with Parents Who Smoke: Survey of Canadian Family Physicians and PediatriciansAbstract Objective: To examine the relationship between physicians’ tobacco-related medical training and physicians’ confidence in their tobacco-related skills and smoking-related …, , , , , , J. Charles Victor, Joan Brewster, Roberta Ferrence, Mary Jane Ashley, Joanna Cohen, Peter Selbyjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cessation cessation-services-resources health-professionals protection secondhand-smoke surveys
Youth Action Alliances in Underserved NeighbourhoodsThis Special Report presents the results of a case study of the implementation of the Youth Action Alliance (YAA) Program …, Sarah Bierre, Saeeda Irfan, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscessation youth-and-young-adults
Young Women’s Responses to Smoking and Breast Cancer Risk InformationAbstract Current evidence confirms that young women who smoke or who have regular long-term exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) have …, , , , , Joan Bottorff, Stephanie Barclay McKeown, Joanne Carey, Rebecca Haines, Chizimuzo Okoli, Kenneth C. Johnson, Julie Easley, Roberta Ferrence, Lynne Baillie, Erin Ptolemyjournal-articlecancer gender health-effects smoking tobacco-products women
14th/15th Annual Monitoring Report: Indicators of Smoke-Free Ontario ProgressIndicators of Smoke-Free Ontario Progress is the second report in the Monitoring and Evaluation Series. The main sections in this …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Tobacco Control Funding Commitments – 2009 Monitoring UpdateSubstantial government funding is necessary if tobacco control strategies are to be effective in reducing tobacco related illness and death. …, , OTRUmonitoring-updateseconomics monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control
Retail Display of Tobacco Products – 2009 Monitoring UpdateRetail display refers to the visible presence of tobacco products and accessories at the point of sale. The tobacco industry …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Supporting Program Management by Developing, Implementing and Transferring Knowledge from the Performance Indicator Monitoring System (PIMS)Abstract This article provides a case study of the development and implementation of an online performance monitoring system to support …, Gala Arh, Robert Schwartzjournal-articledata monitoring-and-evaluation
Association Between Tobacco Vendor Non-Compliance with Youth Access and Point of Sale RestrictionsAbstract A restriction banning the sale of tobacco products to underage youths (youth access) is a central component of tobacco …, , , , , Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartzjournal-articleenforcement legislation marketing prevention smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Contraband Use Among Ontario YouthThis update is based on excerpts from the tobacco summary section of the report, Drug Use among Ontario Students, 1977-2009: …, , OTRUotru-updatescontraband surveys youth-and-young-adults
Youth Access to Tobacco Products – 2009 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control includes age-related restrictions on access to tobacco products. These restrictions target young people who, as a group, …, , , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
What Key Informants Say about Cessation Services For Low Socioeconomic Status (SES) Adult Smokers (Volume 3 Number 2)This study evaluates the success of Ontario’s smoking cessation system in promoting and supporting quit attempts by low socio-economic status …, , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys tobacco-control
Tobacco Taxes – 2009 Monitoring UpdateTaxation is a policy tool used to increase the retail price of tobacco products in order to decrease their economic …, , OTRUmonitoring-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation taxation tobacco-control
Tobacco Product Availability: Current Issues and Next StepsThis update addresses issues related to tobacco product availability within the larger context of industry marketing of tobacco; the current …, OTRUotru-updatesavailability tobacco-industry
Prohibition of Tobacco Sales In Specific Places – 2009 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control includes prohibition of tobacco sales in specific places in order to decrease the physical availability of tobacco …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection tobacco-control
Protection From Secondhand Smoke – 2009 Monitoring UpdateThere is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. In addition to causing heart disease, cancer and premature death …, , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updateslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection secondhand-smoke smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – BackgrounderIn order to enhance our understanding of the relationship between breast cancer and tobacco smoke, an international Expert Panel met …, , Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Riskspecial-reportshealth-effects secondhand-smoke trend-analysis
Smoking and Quitting Behaviours of Low SES Adult Smokers (Volume 3 Number 1)This study evaluates the success of Ontario’s smoking cessation system in promoting and supporting quit attempts by low socio-economic status …, , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys tobacco-control
Do Indoor Smoke-Free Laws Provide Bar Workers with Adequate Protection from Secondhand Smoke?Abstract Objective: To determine if bar workers are adequately protected from secondhand smoke by an Act that prohibits indoor smoking …, , , , , Bo Zhang, Susan Bondy, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleair-quality legislation policies-and-programs protection secondhand-smoke workplaces
The Interpersonal Management of Environmental Tobacco Smoke in the Home–a Qualitative StudyAbstract The home is a significant source of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure for many children and, therefore, increasingly a …, , , Blake Poland, Denise Gastaldo, Anna Pancham, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleair-quality homes protection secondhand-smoke
The Future of Household Telephone Surveys on Tobacco: Methodological and Contextual IssuesThe Future of Household Telephone Surveys on Tobacco: Methodological and Contextual Issues is the full report of the concurrent working …, Thomas Stephens, K. Stephen Brown, David Ip, Roberta Ferrencespecial-reportsmonitoring-and-evaluation surveys
Anti-Contraband Policy Measures: Evidence for Better Practice – Summary ReportThis report provides a summary of a more extensive knowledge synthesis that presents information on a wide-range of tobacco anti-contraband …, , Jeff Sweeting, Teela Johnson, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscontraband policies-and-programs tobacco-control
Anti-Contraband Policy Measures: Evidence for Better Practice – Full ReportThis report is a knowledge synthesis of what is known about the contraband tobacco market globally and the policies in …, , Jeff Sweeting, Teela Johnson, Robert Schwartzspecial-reportscontraband policies-and-programs tobacco-control
The Future of Household Telephone Surveys on Tobacco: Methodological and Contextual IssuesHousehold telephone surveys provide an important tobacco-control tool for research, monitoring and evaluation, and policy-making, but declining response rates of …, OTRUotru-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation surveys
Tobacco Database Resources Available from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit – 2009OTRU has updated two tobacco database resources for the design and conduct of studies related to tobacco and tobacco control …, OTRUotru-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation surveys
Impact of an Indoor Smoking Ban on Bar Workers’ Exposure to Secondhand SmokeAbstract Objective: To evaluate the impact of an indoor smoke-free bylaw in Toronto, Ontario, implemented June 2004. Methods: We used …, , , , , Susan Bondy, Bo Zhang, Nancy Kreiger, Peter Selby, Neal Benowitz, Heather Travis, Ana Florescu, Nicole Greenspan, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articleair-quality legislation protection public-places secondhand-smoke workplaces
Vendor Compliance with Ontario’s Tobacco Point of Sale LegislationAbstract Objective: On May 31, 2006, Ontario joined a small group of international jurisdictions to implement legislative restrictions on tobacco …, , , , , Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartz, John Garcia, Susan Bondy, J. Charles Victorjournal-articleenforcement legislation marketing prevention smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Press ReleaseThere is now enough scientific evidence to link both active smoking and second-hand smoke to breast cancer, according to an …, , Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Riskspecial-reportshealth-effects secondhand-smoke trend-analysis
Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Executive Summary – FrenchLa fumée du tabac est l’un des rares risques modifiables associé au cancer du sein et à ses répercussions sur …, , Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Riskspecial-reportshealth-effects secondhand-smoke trend-analysis
Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Full ReportBased on a comprehensive review of all available evidence, including important recent evidence, the report of the Canadian Expert Panel …, , Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Riskspecial-reportshealth-effects secondhand-smoke trend-analysis
Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Executive Summary – EnglishTobacco smoke is one of the few modifiable risks for breast cancer and it impacts many women. Young women in …, , Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Riskspecial-reportshealth-effects secondhand-smoke trend-analysis
An Update on Contraband Cigarettes Purchased on First Nations ReservesThe effectiveness of tobacco taxation to discourage smoking can be undermined by the widespread availability of contraband tobacco. Data from …, , OTRUotru-updatesaboriginal contraband taxation
What Young Men on the Street Say About Smoking Cessation (Volume 2 Number 4)This series reports on an evaluation study to assess quitting behaviours of young male smokers and the extent of cessation …, , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys youth-and-young-adults
Reports Of Tobacco Smoke Entering Ontario HomesMost nonsmokers in Canada and the United States are protected from secondhand smoke exposure at work and in indoor public …, , , OTRUotru-updateshealth-effects homes protection secondhand-smoke
Prevalence and Correlates of Purchasing Contraband Cigarettes on First Nations Reserves in Ontario, CanadaAbstract Aims: Non‐First Nations people purchasing cigarettes on First Nations reserves do not pay applicable taxes. We estimated prevalence and …, , , , , Rita Luk, Joanna Cohen, Roberta Ferrence, Paul W. McDonald, Susan Bondyjournal-articleaboriginal cigarettes contraband first-nations indigenous-health taxation
OTRU Survey Tracks Smoking and Quitting Behaviours of Young Men (Volume 2 Number 3)This series reports on an evaluation study to assess quitting behaviours of young male smokers and the extent of cessation …, , , , OTRUevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys youth-and-young-adults
13th Annual Monitoring Report: Toward a Smoke-Free Ontario: Progress and Implications for Future DevelopmentsDrawing upon material in the first two reports in this series, the third report assesses the progress made toward the …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Government Regulation of Tobacco Product Ingredients and EmissionsThere is growing discussion about tobacco product modification as a way to reduce the health risks to tobacco users and …, , Linda L. Pederson, Joanna Cohen, Mary McKennaspecial-reportshealth-effects secondhand-smoke tobacco-products
Youth Access to Tobacco Products – 2008 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control includes age-related restrictions on access to tobacco products. Youth access restrictions reduce the availability of tobacco to …, , , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
Effects of Funding Cuts to Tobacco Control ProgramsLong-term comprehensive tobacco control programs are successful in preventing smoking acquisition and helping smokers quit, but there must be ongoing …, , OTRUotru-updateseconomics policies-and-programs tobacco-control
What Key Informants Say About Cessation Services for Young Men (Volume 2 Number 2)This series reports on an evaluation study to assess quitting behaviours of young male smokers and the extent of cessation …, , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys youth-and-young-adults
Efficient Screening of Current Smoking Status in Recruitment of Smokers for Population-Based ResearchAbstract Population-based samples of smokers are necessary for tobacco behavior monitoring and surveillance and for evaluating tobacco control programs and …, , , , , , , Lori Diemert, Susan Bondy, J. Charles Victor, Joanna Cohen, K. Stephen Brown, Roberta Ferrence, John Garcia, Paul W. McDonald, Peter Selby, Thomas Stephensjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cigarettes longitudinal-study monitoring-and-evaluation prevalence surveys tobacco-products trend-analysis
Tobacco Control Funding Commitments – 2008 Monitoring UpdateSubstantial and stable government funding is necessary if tobacco control strategies are to be effective in reducing tobacco-related illness and …, , OTRUmonitoring-updateseconomics monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control
Prohibition of Tobacco Sales in Specific Places – 2008 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control policy includes prohibition of tobacco sales in specific places in order to decrease physical availability. Physical availability …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection tobacco-control
Tobacco Taxes – 2008 Monitoring UpdateTaxation is a policy tool used to increase the retail price of tobacco products thereby decreasing their economic accessibility. Increased …, , OTRUmonitoring-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation taxation tobacco-control
Smoking and Quitting Behaviours of Young Men (Volume 2 Number 1)This series reports on an evaluation study to assess quitting behaviours of young male smokers and the extent of cessation …, , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs surveys youth-and-young-adults
13th Annual Monitoring Report: Number 2: Indicators of Smoke-Free Ontario ProgressIndicators of Smoke-Free Ontario Progress is the second report in the Monitoring and Evaluation Series. The main sections in this …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Retail Display Of Tobacco Products – 2008 Monitoring UpdateRetail display is the visible presence of tobacco products and accessories at the point of sale. The tobacco industry uses …, , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products
A Model for Assessing Gaps in Smoking Cessation Systems and Services in a Local Public Health UnitIn 2006, a vision for smoking cessation in Ontario was developed, providing a basis for evaluating the adequacy of the …, , Nadia Minian, Robert Schwartz, John Garcia, Peter Selby, Paul W. McDonaldspecial-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation smoke-free-ontario
Formative Evaluation of the Youth Action Alliance (YAA) ProgramThe Youth Action Alliance program (YAA) is a key component of Smoke-Free Ontario youth prevention programming. This Special Report, produced …, , Dorrie Fiissel, Robert Schwartz, Jessica Schnoll, John Garciaspecial-reportsmonitoring-and-evaluation prevention youth-and-young-adults
Protection from Secondhand Smoke – 2008 Monitoring UpdateResearch shows there is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. Concentrations can be especially high in cars (Sendzik …, , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updateslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection secondhand-smoke smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Cessation Services in Simcoe Muskoka (Volume 1 Number 5)This series summarizes findings from a pilot study to test a systematic approach to understanding what cessation services are and …, , , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario surveys youth-and-young-adults
Cessation Services in Simcoe Muskoka (Volume 1 Number 4)This series summarizes findings from a pilot study to test a systematic approach to understanding what cessation services are and …, , , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario surveys youth-and-young-adults
An Experimental Investigation of Tobacco Smoke Pollution in CarsThis report presents the findings of a study examining levels of Tobacco Smoke Pollution in cars (TSP, also known as …, , , , Taryn Sendzik, Geoffrey T. Fong, Mark J. Travers, Andrew Hylandspecial-reportslegislation policies-and-programs protection secondhand-smoke vehicles
Health Professionals’ Advice on Smoking Cessation in Ontario: 2002-2007Health professionals can and should play a key role in smoking cessation and evidence shows that many consider it their …, OTRUotru-updatescessation surveys
Cessation Services in Simcoe Muskoka (Volume 1 Number 3)This series summarizes findings from a pilot study to test a systematic approach to understanding what cessation services are and …, , , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario surveys youth-and-young-adults
The Role of Spending Money and Drinking Alcohol in Adolescent SmokingAbstract Aims: Previous studies have shown inconsistent findings with regard to the association between amount of spending money and adolescent …, , Bo Zhang, Carrie Cartmill, Roberta Ferrencejournal-articlealcohol smoking youth-and-young-adults
Trends in Public Support for Smoke-Free Workplaces, Restaurants and Bars in Ontario: 1998-2006Monitoring public support for restrictions on smoking may help policy makers make effective decisions about tobacco control policies that will …, , , , OTRUotru-updatespolicies-and-programs protection smoke-free-ontario surveys trend-analysis
Cessation Services in Simcoe Muskoka (Volume 1 Number 2)This series summarizes findings from a pilot study to test a systematic approach to understanding what cessation services are and …, , , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario surveys youth-and-young-adults
12th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward a Smoke-Free Ontario (2005-2006) and Implications for Future DevelopmentsThis report highlights project activity and summarizes key indicators of progress towards Smoke-Free Ontario’s goals, and concludes by considering the …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Protection from Secondhand Smoke – 2007 Monitoring UpdateThere is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. This Update outlines legislation to reduce or eliminate exposure to …, , , , , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updateslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection public-places secondhand-smoke smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control vehicles workplaces
Formative Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act: Comparison of Baseline and Two Post SFOA MeasurementsThis is the third in a series of reports about the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act (SFOA). The …, , , , Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartz, John Garcia, Susan Bondy, J. Charles Victorspecial-reportslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection public-places smoke-free-ontario
Contraband Cigarettes in OntarioThis report documents the scope of the contraband cigarette market in Ontario and quantifies the extent of use and the …, , , , Rita Luk, Joanna Cohen, Roberta Ferrencespecial-reportsaboriginal contraband taxation tobacco-control tobacco-products
Tobacco Taxes – 2007 Monitoring UpdateTaxation is a policy tool used to increase the retail price of tobacco products thereby decreasing their economic availability. This …, , OTRUmonitoring-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation taxation tobacco-control
Youth Access to Tobacco Products – 2007 Monitoring UpdateAs part of the goal area of prevention, comprehensive tobacco control policy includes restrictions on youth access to tobacco products. …, , , , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation prevention tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
Cigarette Brand Family Preferences in OntarioThis update presents data on cigarette brand family preferences based on 1,368 current smokers from the first two waves of …, , , , OTRUotru-updatescigarettes surveys tobacco-industry tobacco-products trend-analysis
Cessation Services in Simcoe Muskoka (Volume 1 Number 1)This series summarizes findings from a pilot study to test a systematic approach to understanding what cessation services are and …, , , , , Nadia Minianevaluation-newscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs smoke-free-ontario surveys youth-and-young-adults
Environment Modifies the Association between Depression Symptoms and Smoking among AdolescentsAbstract Previous studies have shown a strong correlation between depression and smoking, but the mechanism underlying the relationship is not …, , Michael Chaiton, Bo Zhangjournal-articlemental-health smoking youth-and-young-adults
Tobacco Control Funding Commitments – 2007 Monitoring UpdateSubstantial and stable funding on the part of government is a necessary condition for an effective tobacco control strategy. Under …, , , OTRUmonitoring-updateseconomics monitoring-and-evaluation smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Prohibition of Sale of Tobacco Products in Specific Places – 2007 Monitoring UpdateComprehensive tobacco control policy includes restrictions on the sale of tobacco from a range of retail sources.The purpose of this …, , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control
Retail Display Bans of Tobacco Products – 2007 Monitoring UpdateThe retail environment acts as an inducement to smoking not only by virtue of the physical availability of tobacco products …, , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatesavailability legislation monitoring-and-evaluation tobacco-control tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Smokeless Tobacco and Snus: The Current Evidence for Health RisksSmokeless tobacco provides nicotine to users through absorption across the membranes of the mouth or nose. Two main forms of …, , , OTRUotru-updatescancer health-effects smokeless-tobacco tobacco-products
Formative Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act: Comparison of Baseline and Post-SFOA MeasurementsThis is the second in a series of reports about the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act (SFOA). The …, , , , Jolene Dubray, Robert Schwartz, John Garcia, Susan Bondy, J. Charles Victorspecial-reportslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection public-places smoke-free-ontario
Regional Differences in Smoking Behaviour: Tailoring Our EffortsRegional differences in prevalence of smoking across the province of Ontario have been reported at the public health unit level. …, OTRUotru-updatesprevalence surveys
Support for Tobacco Retail Display Bans in OntarioBans on the display of tobacco products at the point of sale are expected to result in decreased rates of …, , OTRUotru-updatesavailability policies-and-programs prevention
The Performance Indicators Monitoring System (PIMS)In response to the demand for accountability and performance management information, OTRU is developing a performance reporting system. This Update …, , OTRUotru-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation smoke-free-ontario tobacco-control
Exploring Innovative Models for Funding Tobacco Control ResearchThe issue of tobacco industry funding of research is both important and controversial. It is important because of the science …, , Joanna Cohen, Tom Eissenberg, Mitch Zeller, Lynn Planinacexternal-reportseconomics tobacco-control tobacco-industry
Tobacco Database Resources Available from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit – 2007OTRU has updated two resources for the design and conduct of studies related to tobacco and tobacco control – the …, OTRUotru-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation surveys
What’s New with OTRU’s Online Course Tobacco and Public Health: From Theory to PracticeThe Ontario Tobacco Research Unit’s free online course, Tobacco and Public Health: From Theory to Practice, provides comprehensive, evidence-based information …, , , OTRUotru-updatescessation prevention protection training
Perceptions of Industry Responsibility and Tobacco Control Policy by US Tobacco Company Executives in Trial TestimonyAbstract Objective: Trial testimony from the United States provides a unique opportunity to examine strategies of the American tobacco industry. …, , , , Michael Chaiton, Roberta Ferrence, Eric LeGresleyjournal-articlecigarettes ethics tobacco-industry tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
12th Annual Monitoring Report: Indicators of Smoke-Free Ontario ProgressIndicators of Smoke-Free Ontario Progress is the second of three reports in this year’s Monitoring and Evaluation Series.The main sections …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
12th Annual Monitoring Report: The Tobacco Control Environment: Ontario and BeyondThe Tobacco Control Environment: Ontario and Beyond is the first of three reports in this year’s Monitoring and Evaluation Series. …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Who’s Quitting Now? Dependence and Smoking Cessation among CanadiansNicotine addiction is considered a major impediment to quitting smoking. Some investigators believe that the proportion of heavily addicted (or …, , OTRUotru-updatescessation nicotine surveys
Formative Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act Implementation: Summary of the Baseline Compliance SurveyThis is the first in a series of reports about the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act. The design …, , , , Robert Schwartz, Jolene Dubray, John Garcia, Susan Bondy, J. Charles Victorspecial-reportslegislation monitoring-and-evaluation protection public-places smoke-free-ontario
What Population Surveys Say about Smokeless Tobacco UseThe use of smokeless tobacco products, particularly among youth, is a topic of discussion in the tobacco control community. This …, , , , OTRUotru-updatesprevalence smokeless-tobacco surveys tobacco-products youth-and-young-adults
Bullying and Smoking: Examining the Relationships in Ontario AdolescentsAbstract Using data from the 2003 Ontario Student Drug Use Survey (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto), the relationships …, , , , Erin Morris, Bo Zhang, Susan Bondyjournal-articlegender initiation smoking surveys youth-and-young-adults
Recall of Tobacco Control Mass Media Campaigns in OntarioTobacco control mass media campaigns are key elements of comprehensive tobacco control strategies. In Canada, mass media campaigns have been …, OTRUotru-updatessurveys tobacco-control
The Smoke-Free Ontario Act: Extend Protection to Children in VehiclesThe 2006 Smoke-Free Ontario Act prohibits smoking in all enclosed public places and workplaces, including company vehicles, but exempts private …, , , OTRUotru-updatespolicies-and-programs protection secondhand-smoke vehicles
The Burden of Tobacco Use in OntarioTobacco use poses a significant economic burden to the people of Ontario, both in terms of direct costs such as …, OTRUotru-updateseconomics health-effects
The Impact of Tobacco Tax Cuts on Smoking Initiation Among Canadian Young AdultsAbstract Background: Although the majority of smokers initiate smoking during their teenage years, significant rates of initiation occur among young …, , , , Bo Zhang, Joanna Cohen, Roberta Ferrence, Jürgen Rehmjournal-articleinitiation prevention smoking taxation youth-and-young-adults
OTRU’s New Online Course Tobacco and Public Health: From Theory to PracticeThe Ontario Tobacco Research Unit (OTRU) has recently developed a new online tobacco control course entitled Tobacco and Public Health: …, , , OTRUotru-updatescessation prevention protection training
11th Annual Monitoring Report: OTS Progress and ImplicationsThis report is organized around the three objectives of the Ontario Tobacco Strategy (OTS) adopted by the OTS Steering Committee …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
The Economic Impact of a Smoke-Free Bylaw on Restaurant and Bar Sales in Ottawa, CanadaAbstract Aims: On 1 August 2001, the City of Ottawa (Canada’s Capital) implemented a smoke‐free bylaw that completely prohibited smoking …, , , , , Rita Luk, Roberta Ferrence, Gerhard Gmeljournal-articleair-quality economics legislation protection public-places secondhand-smoke
Provincial Scan of Tobacco Use Prevention Programs and ServicesThis report provides an overview of an environmental scan of tobacco use prevention programs and services identified by health departments …, , , Karen Pieters, Wendy Cressman Zehr, Shawn O'Connor, K. Stephen Brownspecial-reportsmonitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention surveys
Smoke-Free Workplaces: Not Just for NonsmokersAs of May 31, 2006, all enclosed workplaces in Ontario will be smoke-free. While this provision of the Smoke-Free Ontario …, , OTRUotru-updatespolicies-and-programs protection workplaces
The Ontario Tobacco Survey: Raising the Standard for EvaluationThe Ontario Tobacco Research Unit has launched a new provincial survey monitoring tobacco use and opinions about tobacco control to …, , , OTRUotru-updatescessation secondhand-smoke smoke-free-ontario surveys
11th Annual Monitoring Report: Indicators of OTS ProgressThis report provides a presentation of quantitative data from a variety of surveys and other sources measuring recent progress in …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Monitoring and Evaluation Update: Indicators of Ontario Tobacco Strategy Progress 2004-2005: HighlightsThis Update highlights indicators of progress in Ontario strategy goals of prevention, cessation, and protection reported in the 2004-2005 Monitoring …, , , , , , , OTRUmonitoring-updatescessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Research Priorities Identified by OTRU in Support of Ontario’s Tobacco Control StrategyWith the help of many of our Investigators and Affiliates across the province, our Principal Investigator team began work in …, , OTRUotru-updatessmoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Tobacco Marketing at Point-of-Sale in OntarioThe retail point-of-sale environment provides important opportunities for tobacco industry communication with current, former, and potential smokers. Point-of-sale marketing is …, , OTRUotru-updatesmarketing tobacco-industry tobacco-products
Secondhand Smoke in Ontario Homes: Findings from a National StudyA range of adverse health effects are caused by environmental tobacco smoke or secondhand smoke in adult non-smokers and in …, , , Roberta Ferrence, Tracey Timmerman, Mary Jane Ashley, David Northrup, Joan Brewster, Joanna Cohen, et alspecial-reportshomes protection secondhand-smoke surveys
The Effect of Smoking on the Relationship between Alcohol Consumption and All-Cause Mortality in Canadian WomenAbstract The protective effect of light to moderate drinking on all-cause mortality in general is well established, but there have …, , , Bo Zhang, Jürgen Rehm, Susan Bondy, Mary Jane Ashley, Joanna Cohen, Roberta Ferrence, Meera Jain, Anthony Miller, Tom Rohanjournal-articlealcohol gender mortality smoking
11th Annual Monitoring Report: The Tobacco Control Environment: Ontario and BeyondThe number of tobacco control initiatives is growing across the province, country, and world. This report provides an overview of …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
On the Front Line of Smoking Cessation: Practices and Perceptions of Canadian Community PharmacistsNow that nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), in the form of gum and patches, is sold in Canadian pharmacies without prescription, …, , OTRUotru-updatescessation nicotine surveys
On the Front Line of Smoking Cessation: Education Needs of Community PharmacistsAbstract Background: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is now available without prescription, and pharmacists have an opportunity to be the primary …, , , , , , , , , Joan Brewster, J. Charles Victor, Mary Jane Ashley, Claudine Laurier, Rachel Dioso, Roberta Ferrence, Joanna Cohenjournal-articleattitudes-behaviours cessation cessation-services-resources cigarettes health-professionals nicotine-replacement-therapy nrt pharmaceutical smoking training
On the Front Line of Smoking Cessation: Pharmacists Practices and Self-PerceptionAbstract Background: Pharmacists can be effective in helping patients to quit smoking, and opportunities for such interaction have been facilitated …, , , , , , , , Joan Brewster, Mary Jane Ashley, Claudine Laurier, Rachel Dioso, J. Charles Victor, Roberta Ferrence, Joanna Cohenjournal-articlecessation cessation-services-resources health-professionals intervention nicotine-replacement-therapy nrt pharmaceutical smoking training
Smoking Cessation and Lung Cancer Mortality in a Cohort of Middle-Aged Canadian WomenAbstract Purpose: To determine the impact of smoking cessation on lung cancer mortality among women. Methods: Survival analysis is used …, , , , Bo Zhang, Susan Bondy, Roberta Ferrence, Joanna Cohen, Mary Jane Ashley, Jürgen Rehm, Meera Jain, Tom Rohan, Anthony Millerjournal-articlecancer cessation gender mortality smoking
10th Annual Monitoring Report: OTS Progress and ImplicationsThis report is the final instalment of the annual four-part series on monitoring and evaluation initiated by the Ontario Tobacco …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
10th Annual Monitoring Report: Indicators of OTS ProgressThis report presents quantitative data from a variety of surveys and other sources measuring recent progress in tobacco control in …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
10th Annual Monitoring Report: Appendix C: Community ProjectsThis section describes the accomplishments of Community Grant projects funded through an RFP process conducted in April of 2002. All …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
10th Annual Monitoring Report: Appendix B: Province-wide ProjectsProject descriptions in this section were compiled by OTRU from material submitted by the province wide projects describing their activities …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
10th Annual Monitoring Report: OTS Project Evaluations 2003-2004: A Coordinated ReviewThis report forms part of the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit’s (OTRU’s) tenth annual review of progress in tobacco control. It …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Provincial Scan of Smoking Cessation Services and Programs 2003This report provides an overview of an environmental scan of smoking cessation programs and services as identified by health units …The Cessation Subcommittee of the Ontario Tobacco Strategy Steering Committee, OTRUspecial-reportscessation
10th Annual Monitoring Report: The Tobacco Control Environment: Ontario and BeyondThe Tobacco Control Environment: Ontario and Beyond is the first of four reports in this year’s Monitoring and Evaluation Series. …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
10th Annual Monitoring Report: Main Table of Contents10th Annual Monitoring Report: Table of Contents. Related Publications: 10th Annual Monitoring Report: Preface 10th Annual Monitoring Report: The Tobacco …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
10th Annual Monitoring Report: Preface10th Annual Monitoring Report: Preface. Related Publications: 10th Annual Monitoring Report: Main Table of Contents 10th Annual Monitoring Report: The …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Workplace Restrictions on Smoking: Are They Good for the Smoker, Too?Adult smoking behaviour is known to be associated with restrictions on smoking, and this is true in both public places …, , , OTRUotru-updatespolicies-and-programs protection surveys workplaces
Tobacco Industry Links to Faculties of Medicine in CanadaAbstract Background: The tobacco industry uses various strategies to promote itself as a socially responsible, ethical industry, including establishing links …, , Pam Kaufman, Joanna Cohen, Mary Jane Ashley, Roberta Ferrence, Alison Halyk, Fernand Turcotte, Kenneth Kyle, Donna Stewartjournal-articleethics funding tobacco-industry
Writing Outcome Objectives: A Monitoring and Evaluation Tip SheetThis update provides tips on writing specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time limited outcome objectives to help us to understand …, OTRUotru-updatesmonitoring-and-evaluation smoke-free-ontario
9th Annual Monitoring Report: OTS Progress and ImplicationsThis report considers evidence presented in more detail elsewhere, particularly in Nos. 2 and 3 of Volume 9 of OTRU’s …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
9th Annual Monitoring Report: Indicators of OTS ProgressThis report provides a a presentation of quantitative data from a variety of surveys and other sources measuring recent progress …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
Dimensions Underlying Legislator Support for Tobacco Control PoliciesAbstract Objective: To propose and test a new classification system for characterising legislator support for various tobacco control policies. Design: …, , Nicole de Guia, Joanna Cohen, Mary Jane Ashley, Roberta Ferrence, Jürgen Rehm, Donley Studlar, David Northrupjournal-articlelegislation policies-and-programs tobacco-control
The Fiscal Impact of a Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program in OntarioThis Special Report investigates the net present value of the investment in the five year comprehensive program proposed in Actions …, , , Andra Ghent, Roberta Ferrence, Ted Boadwayspecial-reportssmoke-free-ontario taxation tobacco-control tobacco-industry
9th Annual Monitoring Report: OTS Project Evaluations: A Coordinated ReviewThis report forms part of the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit’s (OTRU’s) ninth annual review of progress in tobacco control. It …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
A Recommended Population Strategy to Help Canadian Tobacco UsersThis Special Report is designed to stimulate discussion on the creation of a population strategy to reduce the future health …, , , , , , , , , , , Paul W. McDonaldspecial-reportsaboriginal cessation first-nations indigenous-health legislation mental-health policies-and-programs prevention protection taxation tobacco-control youth-and-young-adults
Considerations and Rationale for a National Action Plan to Help Canadian Tobacco UsersThis is the first of two papers designed to provoke discussion on the creation of a national strategy to help …, , , , , , , , , Paul W. McDonaldspecial-reportsaboriginal cessation first-nations indigenous-health legislation mental-health policies-and-programs taxation tobacco-control youth-and-young-adults
9th Annual Monitoring Report: Tobacco Control Highlights: Ontario and BeyondSignificant developments took place in Ontario during 2002. Salient among these was the continued progress by local communities in passing …, , , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario surveys tobacco-control
The Economic Impact of a Smoke-free Bylaw on Restaurant and Bar Sales in Ottawa, CanadaThe 1994 Ontario Tobacco Control Act empowered local municipalities to restrict smoking in workplaces and public places. Since then, 73 …, , , OTRUotru-updateseconomics policies-and-programs protection secondhand-smoke
8th Annual Monitoring Report: OTS Progress and ImplicationsThis report provides a largely qualitative summary of accomplishments by OTS projects funded in the previous year. Related publications: 8th …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
8th Annual Monitoring Report: Indicators of OTS ProgessThis report provides a largely qualitative summary of accomplishments by OTS projects funded in the previous year. Related publications: 8th …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) in Ontario Homes: Behaviours and Beliefs About Health RisksBetween May 2000 and December 2000, population-based data were collected by telephone interview with 1,285 Ontario residents 18 years or …, , OTRUotru-updatesprotection secondhand-smoke surveys
8th Annual Monitoring Report: OTS Project Evaluations: A Coordinated ReviewThis report provides a largely qualitative summary of accomplishments by OTS projects funded in the previous year. Related publications: 8th …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
8th Annual Monitoring Report: Tobacco Control Highlights: Ontario and BeyondThis report is intended to provide contextual information for the monitoring of the Ontario Tobacco Strategy (OTS) for the reporting …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
Smoking and the Price of Cigarettes in OntarioAlthough recent trends in several indicators of tobacco use are positive, the individual and societal costs of smoking remain unacceptably …, , , OTRUotru-updatescigarettes economics taxation tobacco-control
School-Based Tobacco Use Prevention Programs: Should They be Abandoned?School-based smoking prevention programs have been a major focus of efforts to address the problem of smoking among youth and …, , OTRUotru-updatespolicies-and-programs prevention youth-and-young-adults
Deceptive Cigarette LabellingSubstantial proportions of Ontario smokers are being misled by the terms ‘light’ and ‘mild’ on cigarettes. The purpose of this …, , , OTRUotru-updatescigarettes marketing tobacco-industry tobacco-products
7th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward Our Goals – Executive Summary – FrenchIl faut intensifier les efforts de lutte contre le tabagisme. Il y a toujours d’importantes occasions stratégiques à saisir. De …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
7th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward Our Goals – Executive Summary – EnglishA more intensive tobacco control effort is called for, with funding increasing from current levels to amounts approaching internationally recognized …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
7th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward Our GoalsThis Report covers the period April 2000-March 2001 and is the seventh annual report from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs: A Review and Synthesis of Evaluation Strategies in the United StatesThis report reviews what several U.S. jurisdictions are doing with respect to evaluating comprehensive tobacco control programs. The authors find …, , , , , OTRUspecial-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection tobacco-control
Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs: A Review and Synthesis of Evaluation Strategies in the United StatesThis update summarizes the findings of a special report prepared by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit that examines comprehensive tobacco …, , , , OTRUotru-updatescessation monitoring-and-evaluation prevention protection tobacco-control
Protection from Secondhand Tobacco Smoke in Ontario: A Review of the Evidence Regarding Best PracticesThis report reviews current knowledge about the health effects of involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke. It discusses the inadequacy of …, , , OTRUspecial-reportshealth-effects legislation protection secondhand-smoke
Political Factors and Tobacco Knowledge Predict Legislators’ Support for Tobacco Control PoliciesStudies carried out by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit have identified key factors that may help predict whether legislators will …, , OTRUotru-updateslegislation surveys tobacco-control
Tobacco Sales Policies for the 21st Century: Is the Public on Board?This update summarizes the main findings of the “Q2000” survey, a population-based telephone survey undertaken in Ontario in 2000. Respondents …, , , , , , , OTRUotru-updatescessation health-effects marketing policies-and-programs protection surveys tobacco-control tobacco-industry
6th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward Our Goals – Executive Summary – FrenchLe présent rapport de surveillance, qui constitue le sixième rapport annuel, décrit les progrès réalisés en vue d’atteindre les objectifs …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
6th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward Our Goals – Executive Summary – EnglishThis Monitoring Report, the sixth in an annual series, describes progress toward the goals of the Ontario Tobacco Strategy (OTS). …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
6th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward Our GoalsThis Monitoring Report, the sixth in an annual series, describes progress toward the goals of the Ontario Tobacco Strategy (OTS). …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
Smoking Cessation in Ontario 1998/99 – Current Trends, Interventions and InitiativesThis report presents current trends related to quitting in Ontario, up-to-date evidence on quitting interventions, and a listing of smoking …, , OTRUspecial-reportscessation policies-and-programs trend-analysis
5th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward Our Goals – Executive Summary – EnglishThis Executive Summary of the Monitoring Report, the fifth in an annual series, gives an overview of progress toward the …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
5th Annual Monitoring Report: Progress Toward Our GoalsThis Monitoring Report, the fifth in an annual series, describes progress toward the goals of the Ontario Tobacco Strategy. While …, , , , , , OTRUstrategy-monitoring-reportscessation monitoring-and-evaluation policies-and-programs prevention protection surveys tobacco-control
Actions Will Speak Louder Than Words: Getting Serious about Tobacco Control in OntarioIn order to strengthen and confirm Ontario’s commitment to tobacco use reduction, in December 1998, the Minister of Health appointed …, , , , , , , Expert Panel on the Renewal of the Ontario Tobacco Strategyexternal-reportscessation economics policies-and-programs prevention protection smoke-free-ontario taxation tobacco-control